Why Conservatives Should Read George Orwell’s “1984”

George Orwell’s “1984” is a seminal work of dystopian fiction that has captured readers’ imaginations across the political spectrum since its publication in 1949. While often associated with themes perceived as more aligned with progressive or liberal ideologies, there is a compelling case for why conservatives should read and appreciate “1984.” This essay explores why conservatives should engage with this classic novel, as it offers valuable insights into preserving individual liberty, the dangers of unchecked government power, and the importance of traditional values.

The Preservation of Individual Liberty

Conservatives strongly emphasize individual liberty and personal freedom, valuing limited government intervention in the lives of citizens. George Orwell’s “1984” serves as a powerful cautionary tale about the erosion of individual liberty when the government becomes too powerful and intrusive. In the novel, Big Brother’s totalitarian regime exercises control over every aspect of citizens’ lives, from their thoughts and emotions to their relationships. This extreme form of government interference is a stark warning of the dangers of a government that oversteps its bounds.

Conservatives should read “1984” to remind themselves of the importance of safeguarding individual rights and freedoms. The novel underscores the need for a limited government that respects the autonomy and privacy of its citizens. The book’s constant surveillance, thought control, and suppression of dissent are chilling reminders of what can happen when personal liberty is sacrificed for a perceived collective good.

The Dangers of Unchecked Government Power

Conservatives have a healthy skepticism of government power and often advocate for a system of checks and balances to prevent government overreach. “1984” vividly portrays what happens when government power goes unchecked. The Party in the novel wields absolute authority, and its manipulation of language and control of information enables it to maintain its grip on power.

Orwell’s depiction of a government that can rewrite history and manipulate the truth to suit its agenda is a stark reminder of the dangers of a government that is not held accountable. Conservatives who value limited government and the rule of law should read “1984” as a stark warning of the potential consequences of allowing government power to go unchecked.

The Importance of Traditional Values

Conservatives often emphasize the importance of traditional values and cultural heritage. In “1984,” Orwell portrays a society in which traditional values have been erased and replaced with the Party’s ideology. Family bonds are weakened, love is discouraged, and the past is rewritten to fit the Party’s narrative. This erosion of traditional values serves as a cautionary tale for conservatives who value preserving cultural heritage and the importance of family and community.

“1984” also highlights the destructive nature of radical ideologies that seek to replace traditional values with a single, all-encompassing belief system. Conservatives concerned about the erosion of traditional values and the rise of radical ideologies should read the novel as a sobering reminder of the consequences of abandoning cultural and moral traditions.

The Importance of Truth and Free Speech

Conservatives often champion the principles of truth and free speech, believing that open and honest discourse is essential for a functioning democracy. In “1984,” the Party’s manipulation of reality and suppression of free speech are central themes. The concept of “Newspeak,” a language designed to eliminate unorthodox thoughts and limit the range of expressible ideas, is a powerful symbol of the Party’s control over information.

By reading “1984,” conservatives can better appreciate the importance of truth and free speech in maintaining a free and open society. The novel is a stark reminder of the dangers of a government that seeks to control and manipulate information to maintain its power. It reinforces the conservative belief that a free and unfettered exchange of ideas is essential for a healthy democracy.

The Perils of Groupthink and Conformity

Conservatives often value the importance of individualism and the right to dissent from prevailing ideologies. “1984” depicts a society where conformity and groupthink are enforced through fear and repression. The Party’s manipulation of public opinion and its use of propaganda to suppress dissenting voices are chilling examples of the dangers of conformity and the suppression of individual thought.

Conservatives should read “1984” as a reminder of the importance of independent thinking and the right to hold dissenting opinions. The novel underscores the value of individualism and the dangers of a society that demands unquestioning loyalty to a single ideology. It serves as a cautionary tale about the perils of groupthink and the importance of preserving the right to think independently.

The Need for Vigilance and Civic Engagement

Conservatives often stress the importance of an informed and engaged citizenry. “1984” is a stark reminder of the need for vigilance and active participation in the political process. The citizens of Oceania in the novel are kept in perpetual ignorance and apathy, making it easier for the Party to maintain control.

By reading “1984,” conservatives can be reminded of the importance of staying informed, participating in the political process, and holding government accountable. The novel is a cautionary tale about the consequences of apathy and the dangers of a disengaged citizenry.


In conclusion, conservatives should read and appreciate George Orwell’s “1984” novel for its potent exploration of themes that align with conservative values. The preservation of individual liberty, the dangers of unchecked government power, the importance of traditional values, the value of truth and free speech, the perils of groupthink and conformity, and the need for vigilance and civic engagement are all themes that resonate with conservative principles.

While “1984” may be perceived as a cautionary tale about the dangers of totalitarianism, it also serves as a reminder of the importance of safeguarding individual liberty, limiting government power, and preserving traditional values. Conservatives should read “1984” as a warning of what could happen in a dystopian future and as a call to action to protect and defend the principles they hold dear. By engaging with this classic novel, conservatives can gain valuable insights into the importance of these principles and the ongoing struggle to preserve them in a changing world.